You will be surprised to know what will happen to old VinFast batteries
Have you ever wondered: What will happen to the old batteries of VinFast cars?
Not so many people are well awared of the fact that, we can’t just simply throw even a tiny battery in the trash. So where do those moon-pound batteries go? Going to the landfills? At the end of their lives, these packs don’t end up in landfills.
Are EV batteries recyclable?
Instead of throwing used batteries in the trash, VinFast, with the help of VinES, sends them to professional companies for recycling – Li-Cycle.
In 2023, VinES Energy Solutions (“VinES”) and Li-Cycle Holdings Corp. (“Li-Cycle”), have signed a definitive agreement for a long-term recycling relationship. Li-Cycle has become VinES’ strategic and preferred recycling partner for VinES battery materials.
“By recycling battery production scrap and used batteries into the global mobility and energy storage industries, we can achieve a sustainable supply chain while reducing environmental impacts. We believe the strategic collaboration will strongly accelerate both companies’ missions of creating a sustainable future for all,” said Ms. Pham Thuy Linh, CEO of VinES.
“We are pleased to advance our collaboration with VinES and become its strategic and long-term recycling partner for all batteries and battery materials generated by VinES in Vietnam,” said Tim Johnston, co-founder and Executive Chair of Li-Cycle.
To build on a partnership first announced in October 2022, VinES and Li-Cycle is also continue to explore global recycling solutions for VinFast, the global electric vehicle (EV) manufacturer in Vietnam, Southeast Asia and the US.
Here, they will help VinFast dismantle the batteries and divide them into different materials: wires, circuits, plastic,… It is refined into different metals, notably Lithium.
Recently, JerryRigEverything has made an awesome fieldtrip to the Li-Cycle manufactory. Great thanks to JerryRigEverything that we can see with our own eyes how the old batteries, inlcuding the VinFast car’s batteries in the future, are processed and given a new life.
Electric-Car Battery Recycling
The article below is based on the actual trip of JerryRigEverything in Li-Cycle manufactory.
Because of the huge size, EV battery recycling company like Li-Cycle use large automated machinery. This also helps to ensure the safety of workers when working with large objects and heavy metals. After the batteries are ground up, they go from a charge state into a completely inert state. There are no electricity in the materials after the blender. The mixture will be passed through a stream, where the plastic will be vibrated up and transferred to a separate tank.
But what matters is what happened to Lithium, the cobalt and other metals? After the electric vehicle battery is dropped into the shredder, it gets ground up into small metal flakes which sink to the bottom of the tank and get conveyered up and out of the liquid. Coming out of the vibrator we have aluminum, steel, copper, and sometimes even some sweet metals that come off the circuit boards such as gold, palladium, all collected in bags to be recycled later.
With how valuable and useful these internal materials are, no one should be throwing them in a landfill. The way the cobalt and lithium are extracted from that proprietary liquid inside the shredder machine is with something called a filter press. The metal-rich liquid is pumped into the large blue press and that proprietary liquid is hydraulically squeezed out leaving behind something called black mass on each of the individual filters. The black mass is what’s falling down the chute as each of the filters are shaken, and is what contains all of our converted elements, and is that contains all of the coveted elements.
The black mass has been valuable enough to be called “the new gold”. It really is the most valuable part of the entire process and what Li-Cycle is after. It’s a vital ingredient in making new batteries.
Interestingly, to operate this system, Li-Cycle had to use tons of water. However, this is a closed process and not a single drop of water is released. At the factory, there is no gaseous waste released into the environment because no materials are burned.
Stream of Critical Materials
After the batteries have been shredded, sorted, filtered and pressed, there are 3 commodities left. One bag is full of plastics that came from the floating off the top of the liquid. Then, one bag is aluminum and copper shredded down to the bottom. And lastly, one bag with a coveted black mass. And this is where we find the cobalt, the lithium, the nickel. The elemental metals can be infinitely recycled and 95% of the batteries that go through this system are collected in one of these 3 bags. VinFast batteries are extremely recyclable and Li-Cycle’s doing it in the US.
With commitments on responsibility for environmental protection, VinFast will constantly improve and apply the most modern methods to minimize the harmful effects of products on the environment right from the production stage to the hands of consumers and even after that.
VinES Energy Solutions specializes in the R&D and the manufacturing of advanced batteries for mobility and energy storage applications. VinES cooperates with many world-leading battery cell manufacturers and is investing in modern battery manufacturing plants in Vietnam. For more information, visit https://vines.net.vn/.
VinFast – a member of Vingroup – envisioned to drive the movement of global smart electric vehicle revolution. Established in 2017, VinFast owns a state-of-the-art automotive manufacturing complex with globally leading scalability that boasts up to 90% automation in Hai Phong, Vietnam.
Strongly committed to the mission for a sustainable future for everyone, VinFast constantly innovates to bring high-quality products, advanced smart services, seamless customer experiences, and pricing strategy for all to inspire global customers to jointly create a future of smart mobility and a sustainable planet. Learn more at: https://vinfastauto.com.
About Li-Cycle Holdings Corp.
Li-Cycle (NYSE: LICY) is on a mission to leverage its innovative Spoke & Hub Technologies™ to provide a customer-centric, end-of-life solution for lithium-ion batteries, while creating a secondary supply of critical battery materials. Lithium-ion rechargeable batteries are increasingly powering our world in automotive, energy storage, consumer electronics, and other industrial and household applications. The world needs improved technology and supply chain innovations to better manage battery manufacturing waste and end-of-life batteries and to meet the rapidly growing demand for critical and scarce battery-grade raw materials through a closed-loop solution. For more information, visit https://li-cycle.com/.
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